War and Strikes Risks Update | 22nd March 202221st March 2022
The current situation in Ukraine and the related sanctions and export controls are widely known, and many businesses will be unwilling or unable to ship goods to or from the affected region.
War and strikes cover to the region is not automatically available.
Brokers are encouraged to share this update and the information below with cargo policyholders.
For Cargo Insurance policies arranged by NMU, the availability of cover against war and strikes risks is determined by Munich Re Syndicate Ltd (MRSL) by reference to the risk levels within the JCC Cargo Watch List, which are established independently by IHS Markit for the Joint Cargo Committee of Lloyd’s and the IUA (commonly known as “the JCC”).
The geopolitical situation in every country and territory is continually monitored by IHS, and their risk scores are updated monthly, or more frequently if there is particular conflict, unrest or political instability.
There are seven risk levels that correspond to the risk scores:
- Low – 0.0 to 0.7
- Moderate – 0.8 to 1.5
- Elevated – 1.6 to 2.3
- High – 2.4 to 3.1
- Very High – 3.2 to 4.3
- Severe – 4.4 to 6.4
- Extreme – 6.5 and higher
The JCC Cargo Watch List was most-recently updated on 4th March 2022, with the following significant change(s):
- The risk score for Russia (within 200km of land border with Ukraine plus Black Sea within territorial waters) increased to Very High 3.2 from High 2.7. Shipments to this region therefore require prior notification, and we cannot guarantee that war and strikes cover will be available.
- The risk score for the whole of Ukraine increased to Severe 4.9. Shipments to this region therefore require prior notification, and we cannot guarantee that war and strikes cover will be available.
Corresponding MRSL rate changes take effect from 09:00 GMT on 22nd March 2022.
Details of the cover provided against war and strikes risks can be found in the policy wording and/or the applicable Institute War Clauses and/or Institute Strikes Clauses which form part of the policy.
- War risks means war, civil war, rebellion, insurrection or civil strife. It also includes damage caused by derelict mines, torpedoes, bombs or other weapons of war. War risks are only covered during transit by sea or air.
- Strikes risks means damage caused by strikers, riots or civil commotions (“SRCC”). It also includes terrorism in the UK.
If countries or territories are in the news because of events like these, then it can be considered likely that exposures will at the very least be subject to additional premium. And in particular, for those classified as Very High, Severe or Extreme by IHS, the availability of war and strikes cover should be checked in advance, as explained below.
Information about risks posed worldwide can also be found at cia.gov/the-world-factbook/
For most countries and territories, NMU premiums are inclusive of MRSL’s basic rate for war and strikes risks cover, the exceptions being:
- Where covered, countries and territories for which the Risk Level is Elevated or High may be subject to a surcharge rate typically not exceeding 0.10% and 0.15% respectively.
- The availability of cover (if any), the terms and conditions and the rate for countries and territories where the Risk Level is Very High, Severe or Extreme is subject to change, and will only be determined at the time of shipment or the attachment of risk; notice to us of any such shipments or exposures is therefore required.
- In exceptional circumstances, the availability of cover (if any), the terms and conditions and the rate for certain other countries and territories will also only be determined at the time of shipment or the attachment of risk, even though the Risk Level is High; notice to us of any such shipments or exposures is therefore required.
The surcharge rate or the availability of cover (if any) is applied in the following way:
- For transits, at the time transit commences.
- For storage that is not in the ordinary course of transit, if insured, by reference to the most recent update to the JCC Cargo Watch List on an ongoing basis (SRCC cover only).
Full details of the countries and territories within these groups can be found below.
This information is valid until the next change in the JCC Cargo Watch List, which is reviewed every month, or more frequently at times of heightened tension.
Risk Level = Elevated
These countries and territories are typically subject to a surcharge rate not exceeding 0.10%:
India (Eastern and Central India: Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkand, Orissa, Maharashtra)
Malay Peninsula (Piracy in the Singapore Strait in its entirety and the South China Sea bounded at 4°N to the north, 1°N to the south and 106°E to the east)
Russia2 (except the region noted below)
Risk Level = High
These countries and territories are typically subject to a surcharge rate not exceeding 0.15%:
Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire)
Gulf of Aden sea area and to 65° E off the Somali coast, bounded to the north by latitude 23°30 N and to the south by 12°S and in the Red Sea by 14°N
Risk Level = High, Very High, Severe or Extreme
The availability of cover (if any), the terms and conditions and the rate for these countries and territories is subject to change, and will only be determined at the time of shipment or the attachment of risk; notice to us of any such shipments or exposures is therefore required:
Central African Republic3
Gulf of Guinea in the sea area between 4°30’W 5°8’44.274″N and 3°6’13.966″W 2°20’12.8″N in the west, and 9°46’18.636″E 2°20’12.8″N (Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea border) in the east
Occupied Palestinian Territory (being the area defined by the EU and the UN as the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem)
Persian or Arabian Gulf and adjacent waters including the Gulf of Oman west of Longitude 58°E, in respect of bulk oil and petrochemical products including LNG and LPG
Russia2 (within 200km of land border with Ukraine plus Black Sea within territorial waters)
For more information about war and strikes or cargo insurance, please contact your NMU cargo specialist.
1 Sendings to, from, within or via this territory is anyway not normally covered unless specifically agreed by us in writing.
2 Sendings to, from or solely within this territory is anyway not normally covered unless specifically agreed by us in writing.
3 Sendings to, from or solely within this territory is anyway not normally covered beyond the port, airport or land border of arrival unless specifically agreed by us in writing.